Definitions Tilt shift photography is the ability to tilt or raise the lens in relation to the back of the camera where the image is being focused.
When you tilt the lens, you aim it at a slightly different angle than the normal straight approach, and when you pan the lens, you move it up or down to achieve the desired effect.
Basically all cameras were tilt-shift cameras before the camera was first invented. The Tilt shift camera view allows you to manipulate the tip of the lens by tilting it up or down and also moving it from the other side.
To perform tilt-shift photography techniques, you need to get a special tilt-shift lens. This lens attaches to your digital SLR and allows you to change the angle of view or shift the lens up and down to achieve the desired effect.
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An example of tilt shift photography is the tilt shift lens made by Cannon, and retails for $3,499.
Benefits of tilt shift photography
Tilt shift photography is useful whenever they are trying to photograph buildings from ground level.
If you don't point the camera up from this perspective, you won't get the whole building in frame. However, if you tilt the entire camera up, the top of the building curves backwards and straight lines no longer appear straight.
To solve this problem, architectural photographers use tilt-shift lenses. By controlling the angle of the lens, they were able to fit entire buildings into the scene while keeping the straight lines of the buildings straight.
Tilt shift photography is also associated with miniature forgery, a technique used to make ordinary scenes appear as if they were taken with a macro lens.
To achieve the tilt affect, you must use a tilt-shift lens in conjunction with a wide aperture to create a very small depth of field. Subjects that are closer to, and further away from the small focal point range will be blurry.
It's like you're looking down on a miniature model, whereas you're actually looking at the real thing. The depth of this effect is so great that it makes you think the image was taken with a macro lens.
Tilt shift photography technique is not only done by professionals but beginners can also do it.